This is a fascinating question that I wrote about somewhere else on here (I can’t find it). We for sure see colours differently, or experience them differently rather. The best book I have ever read on this is actually about linguistics: Through the language glass by Guy Deutscher.
Philip Ball’s the invetion of colur is on my shelf now waiting to be read…..
There’s a lot of philosophy in that question, because colour perception come from both the chemistry of what happens at the back of our eyes and what happens in the brain.
You know how some people are colour-blind, where they can’t distinguish between colours because they’re missing one of the colour sensing molecules from the back of their eyes? There’s a related version where some people, especially women, can sense four colour instead of the usual three! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetrachromacy#Human_tetrachromats
In people, if usually appears as being able to distinguish more shade of blue than a person with three colour receptors can.
Everyone has a different perception of colours. Colours can be defined in a scientific way, but what our eye sees is a completely different story.
Our perception of colour can be affected by the lighting of the room, other colours present, have ever hear about the black/blue – white/gold dress debate?? it was all over the news a while ago!
Moreover our eyes might have imperfections that prevent us to see only some colours or no colors at all or to perceive some colours as different colours, in example some people see green as red, this disease is called colourblindness.